PTSD sufferers now have new treatment options. Too few sufferers know about them.
Manny had been one of those fellows whom everyone loved. He was fun, smart, a loving husband, a great Dad, and super-competent at work.
Then came the war. While fighting as a soldier has many challenges, one episode, in particular, proved too potent for Manny’s brain. When his unit suddenly found themselves surrounded and cut off from communications with their support network, Manny was the one who volunteered to brave enemy fire, crawled out from their bunker, rescue their radio equipment, and signal for help.
While he saved the lives of his fellow soldiers, and at first seemed fine himself, several years later the impacts of that event resulted in a total inability to function. The smallest movement, sound, commotion of any sort, or everyday stress would set him off into a rage state. Now, fortunately, two new treatment methods are emerging from research that hopefully will enable Manny to return to normal functioning: hyperbaric oxygen therapy and stellate ganglion block.
Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy
Hyperbaric oxygen therapy utilizes pure oxygen to speed healing, and is most often used to treat conditions like decompression, sickness or gangrene. Is it possible that oxygen treatment could help with PTSD?
Researchers at Israel’s Tel Aviv University and the Shamir Medical Center studied brain scans of Israeli soldiers whose wartime traumas had left them with long-term PTSD. As they reported in the scientific journal PLOS One, the scans showed physical damage in the hippocampus and frontal lobe regions.
Because of this organic brain damage, talk therapies have often been insufficiently effective. PTSD brain damage likely needed physical healing for the emotional wounds to heal, they argued.
In the initial round of testing, which involved 65 war veterans with major PTSD, before and after brain scans showed major improvement. Improvement in the brain was visible in both the hippocampus and the frontal lobes, they found. The study was small, and more research is needed to confirm the therapy’s effectiveness, but the results are promising.
Hyperbaric treatment increases the supply of oxygen to the brain to activate the creation of new blood vessels and neurons. The oxygen infusion reactivates stem cells and causes them to proliferate (grow more). The oxygen also stimulates the production of new blood vessels, thought to result in increased brain activity and restore wounded tissues to normal functioning.
Treatments are conducted in a hyperbaric chamber, where atmospheric pressure is higher than sea-level pressure and the air is rich with oxygen.
Stellate Ganglion Block
Stellate ganglion block treatment consists of an injection into an individual’s neck that results in calming the parts of the brain system that the trauma has caused to become over-reactive.
The results have been impressive enough that there are now over 50 stellate ganglion block treatment centers across the US where this treatment is being done. (I have listed a number of the published studies in the reference section below.)
Note that a number of the researchers have published in journals associated with the military. PTSD is a serious physical and mental injury, The military has taken its responsibility seriously to find effective treatments for its wounded soldiers.
Some PTSD sufferers who have received this treatment have reported:
The Still-Vital Role of Conventional Psychotherapy
Both during and after the two treatments above, traditional psychotherapy methods enhance treatment success.
individual therapy is vital. Habits generated by PTSD do not necessarily disappear on their own. Understanding what has happened to them helps PTSD sufferers to digest their painful experiences so that the shame and guilt associated with them can dissipate. CBT treatment, in addition, can accelerate the change back from PTSD beliefs and reactions to normal, functional, and healthy responses to life’s stresses.
family therapy also can be vital for managing the secondary PTSD suffering of family members, including the children.
couple therapy can be pivotal for healing romantic relationships that may have been harmed by PTSD-related anger outbursts. Couples need strong skills for handling difficult conversations such as cleaning up the resentments generated by the PTSD’s impacts on irritability and quickness to anger. (I clarify these skills in my book The Power of Two.) At the same time, guidance from an effective couples therapist can speed up the healing process.
The Bottom Line for PTSD Sufferers
Manny is currently participating in a further study of the effectiveness of hyperbaric oxygen treatment. If he continues to struggle with PTSD symptoms after this treatment, he hopes to receive the stellate ganglion block.
While hyperbaric oxygen treatment is still in a research phase with regard to treatment of PTSD (although it is widely used to treat other conditions), stellate ganglion block may be available for many right now. If you or a family member are struggling with PTSD, know that there is hope.